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Fernando Miguel Cantero Sánchez

Hospital Costa del Sol (Marbella)

Monday, 30 September 2019

ARTRITIS GOTOSA POR CRISTALES DE URATO MONOSÓDICO

Written by Arturo González Raya | Ramón Coca Zúñiga | Fernando Miguel Cantero Sánchez, Posted in Volumen11

ARTRITIS GOTOSA POR CRISTALES DE URATO MONOSÓDICO
Figure 1. Example of gout crystals (monosodium urate crystals) visualized (40x objective) under polarized light with red compensator (black arrow indicates the axis of the compensator).

Synovial fluid (SF), is a dialysate of plasma that internally covers the cavities of synovial joints. It is formed by ultrafiltration of plasma in the synovial capillaries.

There are two types of cells on the synovial lining known as type "A" and "B" synoviocytes. The type A cells have phagocytic functions while the type B cells with secretion functions, add to the SF among other substances, mucopolysaccharides with high hyaluronate content that gives it the characteristic viscosity.