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Clara Esparza del Valle

Servicio Análisis Clínicos, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla (Santander)

Wednesday, 30 December 2020

EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF UROTHELIAL CARCINOMA BY ABNORMAL CELLS SEEN IN THE URINARY SEDIMENT

Written by Clara Esparza del Valle | Guillermo Velasco de Cos | Germán Moreno de Juan

DIAGNÓSTICO PRECOZ DE CARCINOMA VESICAL POR OBSERVACIÓN DE CÉLULAS NO HABITUALES EN SEDIMENTO URINARIO
Figure 1. Images taken in contrast phase (oc x10, obj x40). A) Cells grouped in nests and with great disproportion in nuclear size.  B) Cells with significant cytoplasmic nucleus disproportion.

Bladder cancer is the fifth most frequent cancer in men in developed countries, the principal risk factor is the smoking habit.
 
The treatments vary greatly depending on the stage in which the patient is, from simple transurethral resection, and intravesical BCG instillations to protocols with adjuvant chemotherapy or cystectomy in the most severe cases. The survival and quality of life of the patient depends largely on early diagnosis.